O-G Teaching Principles

O-G Teaching Principles


  • varied to meet the needs of the learner
  • personalized so learners progress at their pace  
  • Multisensory

  • uses all learning pathways - hearing, seeing, feeling, and awareness of motion
  • Diagnostic and Prescriptive

  • starts with a review  
  • monitors and analyzes verbal, nonverbal, and written responses
  • errors inform the instruction for the next session
  • move forward when they master a skill
  • Direct Instruction

  • incorporates direct explanation and instruction of patterns   
  • student knows what is to be learned, why it is to be learned, and how it is to be learned
  • Systematic Phonics

  • initially stresses alphabetic principle 
  • student learns to identify phonemes attached to graphemes
  • Applied Linguistics

  • incorporates reading, spelling, and writing 
  • explicitly taught syllabication rules and practice with reading, spelling, and writing 
  • taught morphemes along with syntactic, semantic, and grammatical structures 
  • Linguistic Competence

  • builds from phonics to grammar and writing 
  • connects controlled text to practice skills for generalization 
  • learn language patterns and practice reading and writing them
  • Systematic and Structured

  • structured to build on itself 
  • starts with reviewing sounds and older concepts. 
  • Sequential, Incremental, and Cumulative

  • moving from phonemes to visual/auditory/blending to dictation in word form and then in sentence form
  • new concepts taught beginning with articulation and then moving to more complex tasks
  • each skill builds on another 
  • Continuous Feedback and Positive Reinforcement

  • stresses competence and teaches students at their level, which increases confidence due to success.  
  • progress at a speed that works for them. 
  • Cognitive Approach

  • incorporates stating the rationale for choosing the new concept
  • explains thinking behind the new concept to the student
  • Emotionally Sound

  • incorporates success through a sequential approach 
  • starts with reinforcement of previous concepts to increase automaticity and confidence.    
  • lead to a feeling of success.

    Leave a comment

    Please note, comments must be approved before they are published